Araucaria araucana

Also known as:

  • Araucaria imbricata
  • Monkey Puzzle Tree

Plant Type

tree, conifer

Zones

7a-10b

Size

H:30'-80'
W:15'-35'

Growing Conditions

Soil Needs:

well-drained

Water Needs:

even moisture, regular, dry in summer

Sun Exposure:

sun, mostly sun, mostly shade

Special Situation:

verticillium wilt resistant

Features

Wildlife:

deer resistant

Foliage Season:

evergreen

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Show nurseries near:
Cistus Nursery

Contact

Portland, Oregon

503-621-2233

Info

Mediterranean climate, southern hemisphere, hardy tropical plants, and more.

Conifer Kingdom

Contact

Silverton, Oregon

847-347-7463

Gossler Farms

Contact

Springfield, Oregon

541-746-3922

Forestfarm

Contact

Williams, Oregon

541-846-7269

Whitman Farms

Contact

Salem, Oregon

503-585-8728

The Desert Northwest

Contact

Sequim, Washington

mail@desertnorthwest.com

Phoenix Perennials and Specialty Plants Ltd.

Contact

3380 No. 6 Road Richmond, British Columbia

Directions

Cistus Nursery

Contact

Portland, Oregon

503-621-2233

Info

Mediterranean climate, southern hemisphere, hardy tropical plants, and more.

Conifer Kingdom

Contact

Silverton, Oregon

847-347-7463

Gossler Farms

Contact

Springfield, Oregon

541-746-3922

Whitman Farms

Contact

Salem, Oregon

503-585-8728

Daryll's Nursery

Contact

15770 W Ellendale Road Dallas, Oregon

Directions

(503) 623-0251

Info

Grower of hardy plants

Lael's Moon Garden

Contact

Rochester, Washington

360-273-9567

The Desert Northwest

Contact

Sequim, Washington

mail@desertnorthwest.com

Phoenix Perennials and Specialty Plants Ltd.

Contact

3380 No. 6 Road Richmond, British Columbia

Directions

Thompson's Nursery

Contact

Waldport, Oregon

541-563-3676

Heritage Seedlings

Contact

Salem, Oregon

Whitman Farms

Contact

Salem, Oregon

503-585-8728

Briggs Plant Propagators

Contact

Elma, Washington

wholesale only

No gardens or educators offer this plant right now.
We can notify you when it's available.

FIND IT TODAY AT ONE OF 12 PARTNER LOCATIONS

Photo by: James Gaither

Original Photo

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Araucaria araucana 6

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Araucaria araucana

Photo by: James Gaither

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Araucaria araucana 7

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Araucaria araucana

Description by: Gossler Farms

Contact

Springfield, Oregon

541-746-3922

secure.gosslerfarms.com

Services

Mail Order Nursery Retail Nursery
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Monkey Puzzle from Southern Chile has very sharp, pointed needles. This interesting plant is rarely offered for sale. These are small but well rooted plants.

Photo by: James Gaither

Original Photo

www.flickr.com
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Araucaria araucana 9 pine cone

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Araucaria araucana

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Photo by: James Gaither

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Araucaria araucana 10 form

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Araucaria araucana

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Photo by: James Gaither

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Araucaria araucana 11 pine cone

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Araucaria araucana

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Photo by: Greer Gardens

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Araucaria araucana 12 form

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Araucaria araucana

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Photo by: Loree Bohl

Original Photo

dangergarden.blogspot.com
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Araucaria araucana 13

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Araucaria araucana

Photo by: Loree Bohl

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dangergarden.blogspot.com
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Araucaria araucana 14

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Araucaria araucana

Description by: The Desert Northwest

Contact

Sequim, Washington

mail@desertnorthwest.com

www.desertnorthwest.com

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This fabulous tree ought to require no introduction, as it is so distinctive that even your non-gardening friend who can't tell a tree from a cell phone tower knows what to call it. I suspect the Sequim and Port Angeles areas may have more of these trees per capita than anywhere else in the United States. Said to look "just as out of place in its Chilean homeland as it does in British gardens" (that, of course, is a compliment), its gigantic symmetrical sprays of dark green, spiny branches arch downwards then turn up towards the sky at their tips. Sexes are separate; female trees produce big round cones that can drop and whack unsuspecting pedestrians on the head, but more commonly disintegrate gradually on the tree. It prefers a position in half to full sun; and, while it endures drought and poor soil once established, it grows far more quickly if watered regularly and mulched: some of the best specimens in the Northwest are in areas of high rainfall such as near the coast and in the Cascade foothills. Much hardier to cold than commonly believed, it has proven successful in Weed, California and even reached 20' tall in Kennewick, Washington. Try it in Salt Lake City. There have also been a few scattered reports of it achieving treehood in the mid-Atlantic region where it seems somewhat of a "holy grail" plant.

Photo by: Loree Bohl

Original Photo

dangergarden.blogspot.com
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Araucaria araucana 18 form

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Araucaria araucana

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Photo by: Loree Bohl

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dangergarden.blogspot.com
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Araucaria araucana 19

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Araucaria araucana

Photo by: Loree Bohl

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dangergarden.blogspot.com
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Araucaria araucana 20 landscape

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Araucaria araucana

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Photo by: Loree Bohl

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dangergarden.blogspot.com
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Araucaria araucana 21

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Araucaria araucana

Description by: Phoenix Perennials and Specialty Plants Ltd.

Contact

Richmond, British Columbia

604-270-4133

www.phoenixperennials.com

Services

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Hailing from a geologically ancient genus of plants which includes the familiar houseplant the Norfolk Island Pine, the common name of this remarkable species was bestowed since it was thought that climbing this tree would cause great consternation to a monkey. Its requirement of a climate with both mild winters and summers makes this a special tree for our little corner of Canada.

Photo by: Karl Gercens III

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Araucaria araucana 23 flower, form

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Araucaria araucana

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Photo by: Conifer Kingdom

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Araucaria araucana 25 young plant

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Araucaria araucana

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Description by: Heritage Seedlings

Contact

Salem, Oregon

503-585-9835

heritageseedlings.com

Services

Wholesale Nursery
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Certainly enigmatic in its armament-like leaves, but doubtful that any monkey could find comfort in its branches! Despite its startling close-up character, young trees present a geometric symmetry in their growth and are dark green in color. Listed among endangered species in Chile by international agreement, yet not uncommon in the Andes at higher elevations. Seeds are prized as a diet staple by indigenous people in Chile and Argentina.

Description by: Forestfarm

Contact

Williams, Oregon

541-846-7269

www.forestfarm.com

Services

Mail Order Nursery
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Long, spidery branches (or monkey tails?!) covered with densely-overlapping sharply-pointed leaves give this med-lg tree a unique look. These are grown from seed, so their gender is not known yet. Sun/Med/Good Drainage

Description by: Lael's Moon Garden

Contact

Rochester, Washington

360-273-9567

www.laelsmoongarden.com

Services

Retail Nursery
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Pyramidal with stiff, spreading branches, large cones when mature. Deer resistant. Hardy to Zone 7.

Description by: Whitman Farms

Contact

Salem, Oregon

503-585-8728

www.whitmanfarms.com

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Monkey puzzle trees are so named, I guess, because it would be a puzzle for a monkey or anything else for that matter to climb one. Those little leaflets you see in the picture are hard and sharp as knives. The mature trees are graceful and pendulous, but they are slow growing. And they are not hardy. ALSO this is one of two plants (the other is Embothrium) that I do not guarantee as they are so easy to kill. But here is one way to keep it alive: dig a hole 2' x 1'; cut an X across the bottom of the rootcontrol bag but hold it closed until you lower the plant into the hole, then take scissors and cut down the sides of the bag multiple times and fill up the hole. Mulch and pray. zone 6

Description by: Greer Gardens Inc.

Contact

Eugene, Oregon

Closed Permanently

Services

Gardens and Educators
Info

The unusual Monkey Puzzle Tree eventually becomes a large tree to 70' or more. Long, narrow branches are densely covered with sharply pointed, rigid dark green leaves. Your cat better not get stuck up this tree! Heavy, spiny cones take three years to mature. Hardiest of the Araucarias, this native of Chile thrives in loamy soil and plenty of moisture.

Description by: Cistus Nursery

Contact

Portland, Oregon

503-621-2233

www.cistus.com

Services

Mail Order Nursery Retail Nursery
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A heritage tree, given away as seedlings by the Chilean exhibition at Portland, Oregon's 1905 World's Fair and planted throughout the city. A coniferous evergeen growing slowly to a stately 30 ft tall x 15-20 ft wide or so in cultivation the crown rounding in maturity. Leaves are tough, dark-green, sharp-pointed, and triangular. Specimens should be carefully placed not to compete with other trees and to avoid nearby pathways as the 15 lb cones can maim! Full sun to partial shade in moist, well-drained soil with regular summer water. Cold hardy to USDA zone 7.

Description by: Briggs Plant Propagators

Contact

Elma, Washington

wholesale only

www.briggsnursery.com

Services

Wholesale Nursery
Info

Native to Chile. Spreading, arched, rope-like branches with sharp, pointed, dark green leaves.

More Types of Araucaria

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